One of the most famous and important tourist centers of Havana is the Revolution Square.
Not only because of the images of Commander Che Guevara and that of Camilo Cienfuegos, which are distinguished in their surroundings but also because of the striking monument to José Martí that is there.
The square has a unique historical value because it has been the scene of many of the main acts and events of the Cuban Revolution.
Today its rooms serve as exhibition halls and for the celebration of significant events in the history of Cuba.
So do not wait any longer, and arrive in Cuba this is the ideal way if you want to know about this country and its heroes.
Aspects to be treated:
- When was the Revolution Square built?
- Interesting facts about the Revolution Square:
José Martí Monument.
- What is contemplated around the Revolution Square?
- What are the most relevant events that occurred in the José Martí Revolution Square?
- What time of day can you visit the Revolution Square?
When was the Revolution Square built?
Historians tell that the Revolution Square was conceived in the 1940s with the purpose of erecting a monument to the National Hero of Cuba, on the site where the Hermitage of the Catalans was located.
However, the work did not begin until 1952, under the order of Fulgencio Batista, under the name of Civic Plaza.
Who considered this as the perfect way to clear his image marred by violence.
For this, the government promoted a forced public collection, in addition to raising taxes and using other methods of obtaining money that would allow to raise funds for the construction of the monument.
Construction began in 1953 and at the end of 1958 the obels and the statue of Marti were erected but the surrounding areas and the gallery were missing.
In 1959, at the beginning of the Revolution, it was decided to close its doors to the public as a museum.
And it is then that the base of the monument begins to be used for farewells of personalities duels and other activities.
Already in 1995, due to the centenary of José Martí fall in combat, which occurred on May 19, 1895, the idea of ??opening the site as a memorial was resumed on May 19.
Being inaugurated on January 27, 1996 by Fidel Castro Ruz, leader of the Revolution.
Interesting facts about the Revolution Square:
With 72,000 square meters, the Revolution Square is one of the largest squares in Cuba and the world.
It is located in the municipality with the same name.
Although its original name was Civic Square, its international fame began with the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, and hence the name it adopted since then.
The place formed by a five-pointed star, has five rooms.
First two dedicated to spreading the life and work of José Martí.
In which drawings, prints, iconographies, editions of his books, documents, and original manuscripts are shown, such as the first letter written by Marti to his mother, at the age of nine, until the note sent hours before his fall in Dos Ríos, the General of the Mambí Máximo Gómez Army.
The third exposes images and documents related to the construction of the Square.
There is an auditorium where conferences, book presentations and concerts are held with Small orchestras with a capacity for one hundred people.
Here, awards are given annually to the winners of literary competitions or concerts by pianists such as Frank Fernández are enjoyed.
There is also a room dedicated to children, created with the purpose of fostering love for the apostle.
Inside there is a unique article, a Venetian ceramic mural authored by the Cuban artist Enrique Carabia.
In the object the color green prevails, it presents 89 Martian texts in gold-plated letters of 10 carats.
The tower constitutes the highest point of the city of Havana.
It is a concrete structure clad in gray marble, very clear.
It has a little more than 78 meters in diameter in its lower part and stands 142 meters to the lighthouses and flags.
As it grows, the pyramid narrows.
It has an internal elevator of 90 meters of travel and a staircase of 579 steps.
On the top floor, 129 meters above sea level, the beauty of La Capital is appreciated in all its magnitude and on the floor, through the cardinal points, the visitor can know curious facts such as their situation: to the North, to the south, east and west as well as the distance to different regions such as Jerusalem 11 thousand 22 kilometers, La Paz at four thousand 655, seven thousand 454 from Madrid, Spain and thousand 782 from Mexico City.
In front and independent of the tower, there is the square stand, there has been a sculpture of José Martí since 1958.
José Martí Monument:
In the area of ??the base of the monument is the José Martí Memorial in a sitting and thoughtful position.
The statue is 18 meters high and consists of 52 blocks of white marble, the work of Cuban artist Juan José Sicre.
It is 139 meters above the sea, this being the ideal way to revitalize your ideology when you sentenced:
“It is necessary to rise like the mountains to be seen from afar”
It is surrounded by six pillars representing the provinces in which formerly the national territory was divided, with the shields of each.
What is contemplated around the Revolution Square?
The Revolution Square is surrounded by the headquarters of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Interior Cuba, formerly known as the Court of Auditors.
On its facade is an image of Ernesto Che Guevara made of cast black glass, the work of Cuban artist Enrique Ávila.
Under the image of Che is also recorded the most famous motto of the commander: “Until victory always.”
Another of the nearby buildings is the Ministry of Information Technology and Communications that displays the image of the hero of the revolution Camilo Cienfuegos with his phrase “You are doing well, Fidel.”
This image was placed in the year 2009.
On the east and west sides are the José Martí National Library
The National Theater of Cuba, the latter, home of the “Café Cantante” nightclub
and the Ministry of the Armed Forces.
What are the most relevant events that occurred in the José Martí Revolution Square?
The historic Revolution Square has witnessed major international and mass events in recent years.
These events include:
- The first parade of the popular militias made up of workers and peasants on May 1, 1959.
- Crowd concentration of the people in the Revolution Square, on September 2, 1960, in support of the First Declaration of Havana. Photos of this important fact are shown in the halls of the square.
- On September 28, 1961, the act for the I Anniversary of the Committee for the Defense of the Revolution (CDR) was held in the square.
- The people gathered in the Revolution Square supported the foreign policy of the revolutionary government and approved the II Declaration of Havana on February 4, 1962.
- On May 1, 1980, the square houses the largest mass act of the revolution and revolutionary reaffirmation in response to the maneuvers executed by the United States government to disembark at the Guantanamo base.
- The second concert Peace without Borders of 2009, the masses officiated by Pope Benedict XVI and Francisco, in 2012 and 2015, respectively.
- On March 7, 2013, Tribute is made for the death of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez Frías.
- The mass act on the occasion of the death of the leader of the Revolution Fidel Castro in 2016.
Hence, the Revolution Square has become a meeting place for the Cuban people to celebrate or commemorate the successes of the Revolution, as well as the parades of May 1 and acts of solidarity with brotherly peoples, anniversaries of the assault on the Moncada Barracks, of the Triunfo of the Cuban Revolution and other important events of Cuba that marked a before and after in history.
What time of day can you visit the Revolution Square?
The José Martí Memorial in the Revolution Square is open to the public every day, from 9:00 a.m. at 5:00 p.m.
Admission is USD 8.00 for foreign tourists, that is, those belonging to another country. Having the possibility to visit base and viewpoint.
For the national population, that is, Cubans the entrance is 8.00 MN, the same, with the possibility of visiting the base and the viewpoint.
For children the visit to the base is free.
Mention that upon arrival you will find a specialized staff, prepared and with full knowledge about the life and work of the apostle José Martí.
So to ask, do not leave with doubts …